With rail improvements and renovation nationwide, railway engineering and construction is a big part of the UK’s industry. Due to the history of railway land and the activities carried out on it, there is a risk of encountering contamination during – and even after – these works.
Ensuring smooth operation and safety on the railways is often the most important consideration for many rail operators but sharing our environment with wildlife may not always be front of mind.
The railway can provide habitat to a number of species and there is great opportunity to creating positive biodiversity around the railway. But rail construction projects, maintenance on a rail depot or trains passing on an active rail line can also have a negative impact on a number of species. To limit this, there are a number of legal requirements in place which can lead to potential prosecution if these requirements are not fulfilled.